Abortion in India at 15 weeks pregnant: All you should know?

Contents of this post:

Understanding Abortion in India Laws

Abortion at 15 Weeks: Legal Considerations and Regulations

Eligibility and Criteria for Abortion at 15 Weeks

Abortion Procedures at 15 Weeks Pregnant

Risks and Complications of Abortion at 15 Weeks

Ensuring Safety and Confidentiality in Abortion Services

Post-Abortion Care and Recovery

Understanding Abortion in India Laws:

Abortion in India is under the governance of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, of 1971. The MTP Act allows for abortions up to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Beyond 20 weeks, abortions are permissible only if there is a risk to the woman’s life. Or there is a risk of grave injury to her physical or mental health.

Registered medical practitioners in authorized facilities can perform abortions. Married women do not need their spouse’s consent for an abortion. And, unmarried women above 18 years age can get a legal abortion in India without having involved her parents in the consent.

Abortions can be sought for contraceptive failure. They can also be done in cases of rape, fetal abnormalities, or to protect the woman’s physical or mental health.

The MTP Act aims to reduce maternal mortality and ensure safe abortions. Before its enactment, unsafe abortions were common, leading to numerous health risks. The MTP Act empowers women with the right to make choices about their reproductive health.

India’s abortion laws are considered progressive compared to many other countries. However, access to safe abortion services remains challenging in some regions. Stigma and lack of awareness about legal abortion options persist.

Unsafe abortions are a significant cause of maternal deaths in India. Addressing this issue requires continuous efforts in education and healthcare. The government and NGOs work to improve access to safe abortion facilities.

Regular updates and amendments made to the MTP Act ensure relevance and effectiveness. Empowering women with knowledge is essential to ensure safe and legal abortion practices.

Abortion in India is legally available to all women regardless of their nationality. Many foreigners, expats and NRIs travel to Bangalore for safe, legal and confidential abortions in India.

Abortion at 15 weeks of pregnancy is a critical decision for many women. And understanding the legal considerations and regulations surrounding it is essential. In various countries, including India, the laws pertaining to abortion are subject to specific conditions and restrictions. Hence, knowing your reproductive rights can help you make a confident decision.

The legal window for abortion in India:

For women seeking abortion at 15 weeks, the MTP Act provides a window of 5 weeks within which they can make this decision legally. However, it is crucial to act promptly as the time available is limited. Abortion in India is legally available for only up to 20 weeks in usual cases. So, you may not want to delay.

Abortion facility:

Registered medical practitioners in authorized facilities can perform abortions. And, they are to ensure that the procedure adheres to the legal requirements since it helps protect the health and well-being of women seeking abortion at this stage of pregnancy.

Consent for abortion in India:

One significant aspect of the MTP Act is that married women do not require the consent of their spouses for an abortion. Therefore, this provision empowers women to make decisions about their reproductive health autonomously.

In the case of unmarried women also, the MTP Act stipulates that they do not need the consent of their guardians to undergo an abortion if they are above 18 years.

Permissible circumstances for abortion in India:

Abortions at 15 weeks can be sought for various reasons. These include contraceptive failure, unwanted pregnancy, or contraceptive methods used by the couple. Additionally, the law allows for abortions in cases of rape, fetal abnormalities, or to protect the woman’s physical or mental health. The MTP Act’s primary objective is to reduce maternal mortality and ensure safe abortion procedures. Hence, they allow for abortions under restrictions that can ensure women wellbeing and health.

India’s abortion laws are quite progressive in comparison to many other countries. Therefore, women from different parts of the world such as the UAE, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Bahrain, Singapore, Maldives, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines travel to India for abortions. Check out the latest flights to Bangalore for scheduling your abortion in India appointment.

Stigma and lack of awareness about legal abortion options continue to persist. And it contributes to the challenges women face in accessing safe and reliable abortion services. However, efforts are continually made to improve access to safe abortion facilities and provide necessary counselling and support services to women.

Abortion clinics help patients understand their options, potential risks, and implications. Through accurate and updated information, a specialized abortion clinic, American Hospital Bangalore (AHB) is enabling many women to access safe Gentle Care abortions in India.

Regular updates and amendments are made to the MTP Act. Such revisions ensure that the legal provisions remain relevant and effective in addressing the evolving needs and concerns of women seeking an abortion at 15 weeks and beyond.

Empowering women with knowledge and ensuring access to safe and legal abortion services is essential to support their well-being and autonomy. By upholding these principles, society can work towards creating an environment where women can make informed decisions about their reproductive health, without facing stigma or undue barriers.

Eligibility and Criteria for Abortion in India at 15 Weeks:

Abortion at 15 weeks of pregnancy is a significant decision for women. And, eligibility for the procedure is subject to specific criteria. Understanding these criteria is essential to ensure that women can access safe and legal abortion services while considering their reproductive health and well-being.

Gestational Age:

The primary eligibility factor for abortion at 15 weeks is the gestational age of the pregnancy. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act in India permits abortions up to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Therefore, women seeking an abortion at 15 weeks fall well within this permissible window.

However, prompt action is necessary not only to fall off the available period but also to ensure minimum risks and complications with the abortion procedure. More the gestation age; the more are the associated risks. 15 weeks means you already are in the second trimester. And hence, most hospitals may recommend you undergo a surgical abortion. You have already missed the medical and suction abortion options available in the first trimester. So, do not delay in seeking early care if you have decided to undergo an abortion at 15 weeks.

Medical Assessment:

A crucial step in determining eligibility is a thorough medical assessment by a registered medical practitioner. This assessment aims to confirm the duration of pregnancy accurately. It also assesses the woman’s overall health. Besides, it helps identify any potential risks or complications that may impact the abortion decision, abortion method and managing emergencies, if any.

Health Concerns:

Abortion at 15 weeks may be considered if continuing the pregnancy poses a risk to the woman’s life. Or if there is a risk of grave injury to her physical or mental health. In such cases, the MTP Act permits abortions even beyond the 20-week limit. However, the legal restrictions for them may vary.

Contraceptive Failure:

Abortion in India at 15 weeks is available if the couple’s use of contraceptive methods have not been entirely effective, leading to pregnancy. Despite using birth control methods, an unintended pregnancy may occur. And the woman can seek abortion as an option to address such a situation. So, women experiencing contraceptive failure may be eligible for abortion at 15 weeks.

Unwanted Pregnancy:

In cases of unwanted pregnancy, where women do not wish to continue with the pregnancy, abortion at 15 weeks is a legal and viable option. And that’s because the MTP Act recognizes a woman’s right to make decisions about her reproductive health and respects her choice.

Rape or Sexual Assault:

The MTP Act acknowledges the sensitivity of situations involving rape or sexual assault. Therefore, women who become pregnant due to such traumatic events may be eligible for abortion at 15 weeks. Abortion at this stage provides them with an option to address the emotional and physical challenges they may face if they were to continue the unwanted pregnancy.

Fetal Abnormalities:

In cases of fetal abnormalities, women may opt for abortion at 15 weeks. An abortion decision at this stage aims to prevent the child from being born with severe or life-threatening abnormalities.

Physical and Mental Health Protection:

The MTP Act prioritizes the protection of the woman’s physical and mental health. So, if the pregnancy poses risks to the woman’s well-being, she may be eligible for abortion at 15 weeks.

The medical assessment and evaluation of eligibility criteria are integral to ensuring safe and legal abortion procedures. Hence, women considering abortion at 15 weeks must consult a registered medical practitioner or healthcare provider.

Abortion Procedures at 15 Weeks Pregnant:

At 15 weeks pregnant, medical abortion is not a viable option since it is only efficient up to 6 weeks of pregnancy. Similarly, suction abortion is not available at this stage, as it is typically used for first-trimester pregnancies, up to 12 weeks only.

However, there are two common abortion procedures available for women at 15 weeks: Dilation and Curettage (D&C) and Dilation and Evacuation (D&E). Here’s a brief insight into both the available procedures for you to draw an idea as to what can you expect from each procedure.

Dilation and Curettage (D&C):

D&C is a surgical abortion procedure typically performed between 6 to 15 weeks of pregnancy. It involves dilating the cervix to access the uterus. Then, the doctor removes the pregnancy tissue using a curette, a loop-shaped surgical instrument. During the procedure, the cervix dilatation is gradual. Also, the curette is carefully inserted into the uterus to scrape away the uterine lining and remove the pregnancy tissue.

The procedure is usually done in an outpatient setting under local or general anesthesia. Therefore, it is a relatively quick procedure, often completed within 10 to 15 minutes. So, you can return home the same day in most cases.

Dilation and Evacuation (D&E):

D&E is another surgical abortion method performed at 15 weeks of pregnancy. It is commonly used for second-trimester pregnancies, between 13 to 24 weeks. The procedure involves dilating the cervix and using medical instruments, such as forceps and suction, to remove the pregnancy tissue from the uterus.

In D&E also, the cervix dilatation is gradual. Medical instruments are then used to carefully grasp and remove the pregnancy tissue, including the fetus and placenta. D&E is typically performed in an outpatient setting under local or general anesthesia. So, with a D&E also, most patients return home the same day.

Gentle Care Induced Abortion: A premier abortion method available at American Hospital Bangalore (AHB):

Gentle Care induced abortion is a combination of two abortion methods – labor induction and D&E. This approach has proven to be a more patient-centred and sensitive option for women seeking abortion at this stage.

In Gentle Care induced abortion, the labor induction process is initiated to make the abortion more natural. Therefore, it allows the woman to have a more controlled and gradual experience of terminating the pregnancy.

The doctor may use specific abortion medicines to induce labor and soften the cervix. However, medicines may vary depending on the patient’s medical specifics. Besides, her allergies, existing medical conditions and medicines she may be taking can impact the choice of abortion medicines. Additionally, dosage and mode of medicine administration may vary with women.

Once the cervix is adequately dilated, a D&E procedure is performed under mild sedation. During D&E, medical instruments are used to remove the pregnancy tissue from the uterus, ensuring the completion of the abortion process. Therefore, you can return home with a successful procedure. And follow-up may also not be necessary. Patients travel to Bangalore easily with the peace of mind that they can get a successful abortion in a single appointment.

Advantages of Gentle Care Induced Abortion:

Gentle Care induced abortion offers several advantages over D&C or D&E alone. The gradual labor induction process allows for a more comfortable and less abrupt termination of the pregnancy. This approach can reduce the physical and emotional intensity of the abortion experience for the woman.

Moreover, Gentle Care induced abortion allows the woman to be under mild sedation during the D&E procedure, ensuring her comfort and well-being. This approach prioritizes the woman’s emotional needs and offers a more compassionate and supportive environment during the abortion process.

The decision between these procedures should be made in consultation with a healthcare provider, considering the woman’s individual circumstances and preferences.

Risks and Complications of Abortion at 15 Weeks

Abortion at 15 weeks is a significant medical procedure. And, attempting to self-abort is highly dangerous. Such actions can have severe consequences for a woman’s health and well-being. It is crucial to understand the risks and complications associated with abortion at this stage to make a wise decision and seek professional medical care.

Abortion complications
Abortion risks

Internal Injuries and Loss of Fertility:

Attempting a self-abortion can lead to internal injuries. They may even have irreversible consequences, including a risk of loss of fertility. These injuries can adversely affect a woman’s reproductive future and her ability to conceive in the future. Additionally, fetal health with future pregnancies may also receive a negative impact due to an unhealthy uterus (home to the fetus).

Infections and Unsterilized Equipment:

Self-abortion attempts with unsterilized equipment can result in serious infections. In addition, untreated infections may result in sepsis. Sepsis is a life-threatening condition where the body’s response to the infection causes organ failure and shock.

Infections caused by unsterilized equipment or improper abortion methods can spread rapidly. And, therefore, it can lead to severe health complications. An uncontrolled spread of infection can have detrimental effects on a woman’s health. Furthermore, it may even result in death if not promptly treated.

Heavy Bleeding and Hemorrhage:

Unsafe abortion practices can cause heavy bleeding and hemorrhage. And, excessive blood loss can be life-threatening. Therefore, it requires immediate medical attention to prevent severe complications.

Incomplete Abortion:

In some cases, self-induced abortions may not be fully effective, leading to an incomplete abortion. This situation poses risks of infection and other complications, as the pregnancy tissue may not be entirely removed from the uterus.

Psychological Impact:

Attempting to self-abort or facing unsafe abortion practices can have a significant psychological impact on a woman. Feelings of guilt, anxiety, and emotional distress may arise due to the risky nature of the procedure and its potential consequences.

Legal Ramifications:

Self-abortion is illegal in many jurisdictions, and engaging in such actions can lead to legal consequences. So, it is essential to seek safe and legal abortion services from registered medical practitioners to avoid legal troubles.

Delayed Medical Care:

Opting for self-abortion may delay seeking medical care in case of complications. And, delayed medical attention can exacerbate health issues which can further make treatment more challenging.

Therefore, attempting to self-abort at 15 weeks of pregnancy carries grave risks and complications. Internal injuries, loss of fertility, infections from unsterilized equipment, and the uncontrolled spread of infection are among the serious consequences. Heavy bleeding, incomplete abortion, psychological impact, legal ramifications, and delayed medical care are additional risks associated with unsafe abortion practices.

Women must prioritize their health and well-being by seeking safe and legal abortion services from qualified healthcare providers to avoid these potential dangers and ensure a medically supervised procedure.

Ensuring Safety and Confidentiality in Abortion Services

Ensuring the safety and confidentiality of abortion services is of paramount importance in the field of reproductive healthcare. Abortion is a sensitive and personal decision for individuals. Therefore, they must have access to safe and confidential services that prioritize their well-being.

By adhering to established protocols and employing trained healthcare professionals, providers can create an environment that promotes patient safety, respects privacy, and upholds medical standards.

This section explores the key measures and practices that contribute to maintaining safety and confidentiality in abortion services, fostering an atmosphere of trust and support for those seeking reproductive care.

Trained Healthcare Providers:

An abortion hospital’s qualified and trained healthcare professionals to perform abortion procedures ensure safe and effective care.

State-of-the-Art Facilities for abortion in India:

An abortion clinic equipped with modern and sterile equipment promotes safety during abortion procedures.

Hygiene and Infection Control:

Strict adherence to hygiene protocols minimizes the risk of infections and complications.

Safe Abortion Methods:

Using the World Health Organization (WHO)’s approved and medically sound abortion methods guarantee patient safety and hence, safe medical procedures.

Informed Consent:

Obtaining informed consent from the patient ensures that they understand the procedure and its implications. And they can make informed decisions that prioritize their health and well-being.

Privacy Measures:

Implementing robust privacy measures safeguards patient confidentiality. Moreover, with abortion clinging around with societal stigma, patients often want their personal and medical details remain safe.

Legal Compliance:

Ensuring compliance with applicable laws and regulations protects both patients and providers. Therefore, it is essential for abortion providers to abide by the MTP Act and Rules while providing abortion in India services.

Post-Procedure Care:

Offering appropriate post-procedure care aids in a smooth recovery and reduces complications. Moreover, it helps patients gain trust in safe medical practices preventing them from falling for un

Non-Judgmental Environment:

Creating a non-judgmental atmosphere allows patients to seek abortion services without fear or stigma. And hence, they again are prevented from falling for unsafe abortions.

Medical Records Security:

Safeguarding medical records reinforces patient confidentiality and trust.

Access to Emergency Care:

Having access to emergency care facilities is crucial in case of unexpected complications. So, the abortion hospital must be equipped with facilities to manage emergencies effectively.

Ongoing Staff Training:

Continuous staff training enhances competence and safety in abortion services. And therefore, it is an essential element to keep the staff upgraded regarding new technologies and advancements in abortion care.

Supportive Policies:

Implementing policies that prioritize patient safety and confidentiality fosters trust. In addition, abortion is a sensitive experience for any woman whether her pregnancy is wanted or unwanted. Therefore, the support she needs during this phase of her life, both physical and emotional is highly significant. And a supportive environment at the abortion hospital can make it a positive experience to look back.

On the other hand, judgmental behavior of the healthcare providers and hospital staff can leave patient in torment. So, how the staff treats the patients seeking abortion is very much important. This is one of the biggest reasons that women, especially unmarried women seek abortions in private abortion clinics that guarantee them confidentiality and privacy in addition to a supportive and caring abortion care.

Patient Education:

Educating patients about abortion procedures and aftercare promotes responsible decision-making.

By prioritizing safety and confidentiality, abortion hospitals can ensure that patients receive respectful and secure care throughout the process.

Post-Abortion Care and Recovery:

The process of post-abortion care and recovery holds paramount importance in the realm of reproductive healthcare. And it holds good significance for individuals who have undergone a 15 weeks abortion.

Ensuring a smooth recovery journey involves prioritizing both physical healing and emotional well-being post-abortion.

Here is some guidance on the steps you can take to nurture your health, address emotional aspects, and seek professional support during this sensitive phase. By understanding the importance of post-abortion care and adhering to recommended practices, you will be able to navigate the recovery process with greater confidence and optimize your overall health and recovery outcomes.

Rest and Recovery:

Allow ample time for rest to aid the body’s healing process after the abortion procedure.

Pain Management:

Address any discomfort or pain through prescribed pain medications and follow medical advice.

Monitoring Vital Signs:

Regularly monitor vital signs, such as temperature and heart rate, to detect any signs of complications.

Avoid Strenuous Activities:

Refrain from engaging in strenuous physical activities to prevent undue strain on the body.

Emotional Support:

Seek emotional support from loved ones or counselling services to cope with post-abortion emotions.

Follow-Up Appointments:

Attend scheduled follow-up appointments with healthcare providers for proper monitoring.

Symptom Recognition:

Familiarize oneself with warning signs of complications, such as excessive bleeding or severe pain. And know where and when to get support, if a need arises.

Healthy Diet:

Maintain a nutritious diet to support the body’s healing and recovery process.


Stay adequately hydrated to promote overall well-being.

Avoid Sexual Activity:

Refrain from sexual activity as advised by healthcare professionals until given clearance.

Contraception Discussion:

Discuss contraception options with healthcare providers to prevent future unintended pregnancies.

Physical Activity Gradual Return:

Gradually resume physical activity after approval from healthcare providers.

Psychological Support:

Seek psychological support if needed to address emotional challenges after the abortion.

Recognizing Abnormal Discharge:

Monitor vaginal discharge for any unusual changes that may indicate infection.

Warning Signs Awareness:

Be aware of warning signs like persistent fever or severe abdominal pain and promptly report them to healthcare providers.

Post-abortion care is a critical aspect of the recovery process. Good post-abortion support ensures physical healing, emotional well-being, and overall health. Following these guidelines and seeking professional medical advice can contribute to a smoother and safer recovery after a 15 weeks abortion.

Schedule a Gentle Care abortion appointment.

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