A Step-by-Step Guide for Abortion in India for Maldivian Women

A Step-by-Step Guide for Abortion in India for Maldivian Women

Contents of the post:

Understanding the Legal Framework for Abortion in India

Step-by-Step Process of Abortion in India for Maldivian Women

Understanding Abortion in India For Maldivian Women: Different Methods

Post-Abortion Care


Navigating the journey of an abortion can be overwhelming, especially when it involves traveling to a different country. For women in the Maldives, where abortion is heavily restricted, the path to accessing these services can seem daunting.  As a Maldivian woman seeking abortion services in India, you are not alone. 

This guide aims to provide a comprehensive, step-by-step guide about seeking abortion in India for Maldivian women and Indian expat women living in the Maldives.

Understanding the Legal Framework for Abortion in India

In contrast to the restrictive abortion laws in the Maldives, Indian laws are far more lenient and pro-women. India’s approach to abortion is guided by the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971 and its subsequent amendments. A significant amendment was passed in 2021, revising the previous Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1971. The updated 2021 Act brings essential modifications to the legal provisions surrounding abortion in the country.

One of the major reforms is the removal of the “marital status” clause that previously mandated a woman to be married to legally seek an abortion. This clause was seen as prejudiced and created undue hindrances to women’s reproductive health rights.

The Act also has seen a significant adjustment in the gestation limit for abortions. This limit has been extended to 20 weeks for all women, acknowledging that there could be justifiable medical or personal grounds for terminating a pregnancy at a later stage. In some severe cases, termination might be permitted up to 24 weeks.

Privacy forms a vital component of the updated Act. It mandates the assurance of confidentiality for women who opt for abortion, safeguarding their identities from being disclosed publicly. Information regarding a woman who has terminated her pregnancy can only be accessed by a person legally authorized to do so from the certified medical practitioner.

The Act also elaborates on the conditions under which abortions are allowed. Here’s an overview:

  • One of the primary justifiable reasons for abortion in India is if the pregnancy is due to contraception failure, a leading cause of unintended pregnancies.
  • If the pregnancy endangers the woman’s life or physical or mental health, it may be terminated. This includes scenarios where continuing the pregnancy might negatively impact the woman’s overall health and well-being, lead to severe medical complications, or if her socioeconomic status makes it challenging to proceed with the pregnancy.
  • Termination is also permissible when there are abnormalities in the fetus. There may be instances where the fetus suffers from a severe or fatal condition that makes life outside the womb incompatible. In these cases, ending the pregnancy may be the most compassionate decision.
  • In instances of pregnancies resulting from rape or incest, termination is considered justifiable. These circumstances can be exceptionally traumatic for the woman, and ending the pregnancy may be in the best interest of her mental and emotional well-being.

Step-by-Step Process of Abortion in India for Maldivian Women

Navigating through the process of obtaining abortion in India for Maldivian women can be challenging, yet with the right information and planning, it can be managed effectively. 

  • The initial phase involves choosing a reputable, MTP certified healthcare provider from an array of accredited hospitals and clinics. This step demands thorough research to ensure the highest standards of medical care.
  • Next, understanding the financial implications is vital. This entails planning for not just the medical expenses but also accounting for travel and accommodation costs, along with any unexpected expenditures. Following this, applying for a visa and booking of travel tickets from Maldives to India as per the schedule of the medical appointments should be taken care of.
  • Once travel arrangements are in place, a rudimentary understanding and respect for the local customs and traditions of India can enhance the comfort level during the stay. India is rich in cultural diversity, and a little research can lead to positive experiences and interactions.
  • Upon arrival in India, the medical journey begins with a consultation with a MTP certified healthcare provider who will be conducting the abortion procedure. This appointment provides an opportunity to ask questions and gain clarity on what to expect. Subsequently, the doctor would recommend a series of tests, which are essential to ensure your safety and wellbeing during the procedure.
  • Lastly, understanding the available methods of abortion and choosing the right one is crucial. This decision largely depends on the gestation period and the overall health condition of the woman. The doctor, with their expertise, will guide through the options to make an informed decision.

In essence, while seeking abortion in India for Maldivian women might seem complex, this guide will serve as a roadmap to navigate this journey safely and confidently. It’s always crucial to consult healthcare professionals for personalized advice, as your health and wellbeing are of greatest concern here. 

Understanding Abortion in India For Maldivian Women: Different Methods

India offers a range of abortion methods to ensure that every woman can access safe and appropriate care based on her unique needs and circumstances.  Understanding these options can help Maldivian women seeking abortion in India make an informed decision based on her specific situation.

The first method, known as a medical abortion, is suitable for early-stage pregnancies, specifically up to 6 weeks. This procedure involves the use of pills that induce a process similar to a miscarriage. The primary advantage of a medical abortion is that it is a non-invasive option.

However, there’s a crucial factor to consider: medical abortion may not always ensure a 100% successful outcome. This unpredictability can be a concern, particularly for patients travelling from abroad, like the Maldives or UAE. The necessity for follow-up appointments after a medical abortion, to confirm the complete termination of pregnancy, could create a challenge for these patients. 

Therefore, at AHB, we usually recommend Gentle Care (GC) suction abortion to patients coming from outside India. This method, performed during the early stages of pregnancy, provides more certainty and allows patients to return to their home countries without further worries or follow-ups.

We primarily reserve the prescription of medical abortion pills for patients who are within the first 6 weeks of pregnancy. Patient safety, comfort, and successful treatment outcomes remain our highest priority at AHB. 

Gentle Care suction abortion, also known as aspiration abortion, involves gentle suction to remove the pregnancy from the uterus. The advantage of this method is that it’s quick, typically taking only 5 to 10 minutes, and recovery time is relatively short.

Beyond the 12-week mark, up until 20 weeks, the Gentle Care induced labor is another viable option. Guided by MTP certified medical professionals, the patient experiences a labor-like process to terminate the pregnancy. To ensure the uterus is thoroughly cleansed, a dilation and evacuation (D&E) procedure follows.

The induced labor method doesn’t mandate anesthesia and the duration is variable, contingent on the patient’s individual circumstances and pregnancy stage. It offers a more comfortable experience for those seeking to end pregnancies within this specific timeframe.

However, this method may require a more extended recovery period. While all abortion procedures carry potential risks, it’s crucial to obtain services from a qualified, MTP certified healthcare provider. Regular follow-up care is equally crucial to confirm the procedure’s success and to monitor for any potential complications.

It’s important to consult with a healthcare provider to understand which method is most suitable for you. Your health and wellbeing should always be the top priority, and making an informed decision is an essential part of the process.

Post-Abortion Care

The path to healing after an abortion is just as important as the procedure itself. Post-abortion care encompasses both physical and emotional wellness, and in India, this aspect of women’s health is taken very seriously.

After the procedure, a medical professional will guide you through the physical recovery process. You will be monitored for potential complications such as excessive bleeding, infection, or discomfort. Medication to manage pain and aid healing will be prescribed as needed. Additionally, depending on the method of abortion used, a follow-up appointment may be necessary to ensure your body is healing as expected.

But physical recovery is only one part of the post-abortion care equation. Emotional wellness plays a significant role in the healing process. It’s normal to experience a range of emotions after an abortion. Therefore, many healthcare providers in India offer counseling services to support mental and emotional health. These services can be tailored to meet individual needs, providing a safe space to express feelings, ask questions, and get professional guidance.

Moreover, healthcare providers in India also focus on future reproductive health planning as part of post-abortion care. This includes discussing contraception methods to help prevent unintended pregnancies, and reproductive health education to ensure women are informed about their bodies and their choices.

This guide is meant to be a supportive resource for abortion in India for Maldivian women. Remember, it’s always recommended to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and guidance. 


  1. Is abortion legal in India for foreign nationals, including Maldivian women? 

Yes, the Indian Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 2021 allows for women, including foreign nationals, to access safe and legal abortion services in India.

  1. What is the gestational limit for abortion in India?

The limit is generally up to 20 weeks, with exceptions allowing for termination up to 24 weeks in certain severe cases as per the amended law in 2021.

  1. How should I choose a healthcare provider for an abortion in India?

It’s important to research and choose a trusted, MTP certified healthcare provider. The Indian Ministry of Health & Family Welfare’s website provides a list of accredited hospitals and clinics.

  1. What methods of abortion are available in India?

India offers several methods of abortion, including medical abortion (up to 6-8 weeks), Gentle Care abortions such as- Gentle Care suction abortion (up to 12 weeks), and Gentle Care induced labor abortion or D&E abortion (up to 20 weeks), depending on the stage of pregnancy.

  1. What kind of medical tests will be required before the abortion procedure?

The type of medical tests required will depend on your stage of pregnancy and overall health condition. These may include blood tests, ultrasound scans, or other diagnostic tests. Your healthcare provider will guide you through this process.

  1. What kind of emotional support is available to Maldivian women seeking abortion services in India?

Many healthcare providers in India offer counseling services as part of their abortion care. These services can help women manage their emotions, process their experiences, and provide a safe space to express their feelings and concerns.

  1. Can I bring someone with me from Maldives to India for support during my visit for an abortion?

Yes, you can certainly bring a companion for emotional support during your visit. However, it’s important to understand that there may be certain restrictions or protocols in healthcare facilities due to privacy concerns or health regulations. It’s advisable to check with your chosen healthcare provider beforehand.

  1. What does post-abortion care in India involve?

Post-abortion care in India includes physical recovery monitoring, emotional support, counseling services, and future reproductive health planning, including contraception methods.

It is essential to remember that while this guide provides a broad understanding, it is always advisable to seek professional advice for individual circumstances. 

Related posts:

  1. The period after abortion: What to expect, how to deal with
  2. Up to how many weeks can you have a medical abortion?
  3. Do abortions hurt? How long does the pain last?
  4. What is it like to have an abortion in your country?
  5. What to do and how to deal with an unwanted pregnancy?

Quick links:

  1. Where to have a safe & confidential abortion in the Maldives
  2. Post-abortion: How to cope up, heal early and live better
  3. Private and confidential abortion clinic: Finding the best?
  4. All you need to know about abortion in Fujairah:
  5. Abortion pills in Sharjah: Are they on your purchase list?